Tag Archives: IELTS

Essay Topic: Some people think studying from the past offers no benefits to today’s life, while others believe that history is a valuable source of information for us. Discuss both views and give our own opinion.

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There has been considerable debate about the values of studying history. While it is argued that there are no advantages of learning history, I believe that history can bring more benefits.

It is claimed that it is not beneficial to learn from the past. At various schools, students may put exam-based learning methods into practice to satisfy the requirements of exams and tests. Consequently, they are obliged to make every effort to memorize historical developments and events. In several cases, they get stressful and overloaded with history related knowledge which does not provide foundations for their doing research into scientific fields like engineering or medicine. For example, in my hometown, most school students apply test-oriented approaches in historical lessons, causing students to be bombarded with historical knowledge, which is not beneficial in supplying background knowledge for them to realize their dream to major in computer engineering or medical sciences at university.

Nonetheless, from my viewpoint, history should become a more precious informative source. Thanks to history classes or museum artifacts related to past wars, there is every likelihood of young generations accumulating a profound knowledge of the sacrifice and contributions of their ancestors in the resistance war against foreign invaders, followed by cultivating their national pride and patriotism. As a result, they may have a tendency to be supplied with motivation and inspiration to put almost every effort into perfecting themselves and making contributions to national development. Another explanation may be that no sooner are students exposed to history lectures than they could enhance their understanding of valuable lessons about successes and failures in the process of predecessors’ national construction and defense. Hence, they might reach higher maturity and greater confidence in avoiding the same mistakes and making wise decisions for their future careers and life.

In conclusion, although people think history lessons can be of no importance, I am of the opinion that there are more benefits of studying history as a huge reservoir of knowledge.

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Many people are afraid to leave their homes because of the fear of crime. Some believe that more actions should be taken to prevent crime. Others feel that little can be done. Discuss both views and give your opinion.

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The popularity of crime today has made people stay indoors for self-protection. While it is a common belief that reducing the crime rate is a nearly impossible mission, I hold the view that there are certain measures which can convert the world into a safer place to live in.

On the one hand, many people argue that in such current era of moral decadence, any attempts to prevent crime would turn out to be a failure. Poverty and unemployment are considered chief precursors to law violation, and only when these two social issues are eliminated, crime will disappear. However, it is true that a society can only provide a limited 48 number of jobs for its residents, and those who are not lucky enough to receive good education from childhood would find it difficult to pursue a career to make ends meet. Such individuals are lack of both skills and orientation, and from their perspective, becoming a thief might be a better way to survive compared to unstably living on governmental subsidies or performing menial work. It seems that the root of this problem cannot be solved completely, and this is why how to halt law-breaking may remain as an insurmountable question for the government.

On the other hand, I am of the opinion that there are still solutions to maintain criminal justice. Firstly, stricter sets of laws are required, and the penalties should be corresponding to the severity of the wrongdoings. In a variety of countries, such as the United Kingdom or Italy, the capital punishment has been abandoned; but I believe it should be reintroduced as the fear of death may deter the potential offenders and stop them from committing serious crime. Secondly, the government should encourage companies and organizations to expand and run more projects. These actions create jobs; therefore, those who live under the poverty line not only do not have to become pickpockets or burglars for survival but also stand a chance to earn a living with their own clean money.

In conclusion, I believe that the aforementioned measures can create more peaceful communities and ensure the safety of the residents.

Useful Vocabulary & Expressions:

  • Crime rate: A measure of the number of crimes recorded in a particular area, over a given period of time, etc. Example: The crime rate in the UK has reduced in recent years
  • Measure: a plan or course of action taken to achieve a particular purpose Example: there are certain cost-cutting measures to this issue
  • Convert: cause to change in form, character, or function Example: The industry has come up with production processes that converted raw material into useful forms.
  • Decadence: moral or cultural decline as characterized by excessive indulgence in pleasure or luxury. Example: He denounced Western decadence.
  • Precursor: a person or thing that comes before another of the same kind; a forerunner. Example: A high population density is the precursor to traffic congestion.
  • Violation: the action of violating someone or something Example: the aircraft were in violation of UN resolutions.
  • Eliminate: completely remove or get rid of (something) Example: The new policy would eliminate inflation.
  • Subsidy: a sum of money granted by the government or a public body to assist an industry or business so that the price of a commodity or service may remain low or competitive. Example: Poor families rely on the governmental subsidies to satisfy their basic demands, such as eating or maintaining the domestic costs.
  • Menial: (of work) not requiring much skill and lacking prestige

Example: Most menial works do not require expertise or intricate skills.

  • Insurmountable: too great to be overcome Example: Environmental pollution has remained as an insurmountable problem for governments for the last few years.
  • Justice: a judge or magistrate, in particular a judge of the supreme court of a country or state.

Example: It is, therefore, a matter of public interest who becomes judges of the lower courts and justices of the Supreme Court.

  • Corresponding: similar in character, form, or function Example: We discussed our corresponding viewpoints.
  • Capital punishment: the legally authorized killing of someone as punishment for a crime. Example: The fact that the International Covenant sanctions capital punishment must be seen in this context. 

Research indicates that characteristics we are born with have more influence on our personality and development than any experience we may have in our life. Which do you consider to be the major influence?

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Study points out that the people born with certain inherent traits have an astounding effect on their personality and growth, in comparison with experience and knowledge they gain during their lifetime. In my opinion, the qualities which a person inherits at the time of birth do affect the building of a personality, but gaining experience and knowledge has a profound influence in shaping the personality.

Personality is a set of characteristics that reflect the way we think and act in a given situation. It is formed by four basic elements that are physical environment, heredity, culture and particular experiences. An individual develops his personality with a combination of these four aspects. When an individual is encountered with different situations he responds to them uniquely. These responses develop into habits and thus form a personality type. For example when Mahatma Gandhi was humiliated and thrown out of the train for riding first class, he responded strongly in a non violent way, and started a freedom struggle. That was a turning point in his life that shaped his personality and destiny.

With the new experience, a person develops new habits, develops etiquette and forms new attitudes. These are the stepping stones to form a personality. It has been noted that, whatever a child imbibes during the first seven years, forms the foundation of his personality. The new observations and experiences make a lasting impression on his mind. For instance Thomas Edison was expelled from the school during his childhood, but his mother didn’t make him realize about the fact. She encouraged and taught Edison at home, who turned out to become one of the world’s greatest scientist.

To recapitulate, it can be said that genetic traits do affect the personality of a person to some extent, but the environment in which he is brought up and the experiences that a person go through, deeply impact the personality.

Contributed By Yogesh Parmar

yogeshparmar74@gmail.com

Task 1 – IELTS General Reading – Letter No.1

You are a student at an English language school in Brighton and are living in private accommodation with other flat mates. You have not had hot water or heating for some time. The landlord’s workmen have tried to fix the problem but without success.

 Write a letter to the landlord. In your letter:

  • state your reason for writing
  • describe the problems and explain how you feel
  • propose a solution and risk the landlord to take action

Write at least 150 words.

You do NOT need to write any addresses.

Dear Mr. Jones,

I am one of the tenants at your property in Upper Lewes Road, and am writing to complain about the fact that we do not have any hot water or heating in our house.

As you know, we have been living in this house since September and have always paid our rent on time. However, we have had no hot water for last two weeks. This is making our lives very difficult, especially as it is now the middle of winter. Last week you said you would send a workman to our house within 3 days, but no one came. After calling many times, the workman eventually arrived at the house 5 days later. Unfortunately, he said he could not fix the problem because the boiler was too old! We are now extremely unhappy about this solution.

We are prepared to continue to rent your house but please arrange for emergency repairs to be made. We also request a 40% discount on our rent for the period we have been without any hot water or heating.

We look forward to hearing from you.

Sharron Boyes

(188 words)

For IELTS Coaching Call–9034007002

Check Your Spellings

Please circle the incorrectly spelled word in each line or NM for “no mistake”.

 

  1. accident          probably           benifit                  important           NM
  2. animal             moment           superior               beleif                    NM
  3. brought           decission          ambition             relative                NM
  4. afraid               signul                accident               reaction               NM
  5. beutiful           circle                  combination      dollar                    NM
  6. neighbor         substitute         primary               possible               NM
  7. tommorrow   triumph             compliment       supplies               NM
  8. either               childrun            straight                scientist               NM
  9. composition   ability                differant              thrown                 NM
  10. unusual            sympathy          parties                 valuable              NM

The 21st Century has begun. What changes do you think this new century will bring ? Use examples and details to explain your answer.

The 21st Century has begun. What changes do you think this new century will bring ? Use examples and details to explain your answer.

Historically, evolution has been in nature’s hands. Now, suddenly, it is largely in human hands, but we need to be cautious, using our scientific know-how as responsibly as possible. The job of today’s young people, or the “Transition Generation” will be to get humanity through the coming period of chaos, peril, and opportunity. Cognitive abilities of humans has helped him to transform Stone Age into age of technology in a phased manner.21st century heralded the era of transformation in every sphere of life to make the quality of life better . Be it education, infrastructure, medicines, weapons, food and the like.

 With the development of infrastructure and means of communication like railways, airways, shipways, cars , world has transformed into global village . It is not just their development but also its frequency and speed which is constantly being improved and this century will witness self driven vehicles, flying cars, mono rails, space tourism and many more inventions which are beyond our imagination.

Life on extra terrestrial planets would become a reality. Astronomical innovations have provided us new insights into life which was earlier restricted to earth. It will help us to discover medicines of incurable or life threatening diseases as our space is treasure of rare earth materials and energy. It is already a proven fact that surgeries done in space have better result.

The basic problems of hunger, malnutrition, drinking water, with which our world is still afflicted would be lost into oblivion. With cutting edge technologies in food production like gene sequencing , Genome project, Bio-technology food, cross pollination , we will be able to grow foods with desired nutrients and too less land will be required to grow too much food.

However on the flip side, this century will also pose us with various threats in the form of global warming and subsequent thinning of ozone layer which may have catastrophic effects on all life forms on earth and might usher what is called as “Fifth Mass Destruction”. Also new diseases are emerging like Zika Virus, SARS, H1N1 flu, and new types of cancers. Furthermore due to changes in food chain there has been invasion of alien species which are intensifying the damage. Development of weapons of mass destruction like hydrogen bomb, chemical bombs would further pose new threats. Human cloning, Stem cells preservation may also bring unthinkable dangers.

All such fears have to be tackled and managed with utmost level of care and sophistication. Only then we can enjoy the real fruits of time. And we should be ready for all the threats by catapulting our strengths .

Contributed by Nikhil Ahuja.

As computers are being used more and more in education, there will be soon no role for the teachers in the classroom.

As computers are being used more and more in education, there will be soon no role for the teachers in the classroom.

The extensive use of Internet and computers in variety of activities and especially in education has led to a debate that because of over-dependence of computers the role of the teachers will be diminished in the classroom. I, strongly believe that in today’s world classroom teaching cannot be replaced by computers because, computers have limited role to play in the classroom, whereas teachers can teach the students in multiple ways, as per need and provides an excellent learning environment.

Initially, the computers support the classroom teaching, as an excellent aid. In addition to it, internet can provide you a vast pool of knowledge, but it’s only the teacher who can guide you to optimum utilization of the information. Moreover, as a mentor a teacher understand the strengths and weaknesses of his student and can motivate the pupils accordingly from his experience. Unlike computers teachers can always have a one to one interaction and provide the valuable feedback to his students to improve their performance. For instance in Harvard and Oxford University, one mentor is assigned per student throughout his course to guide and evaluate him.

On the other hand computer is a machine. No doubts it follow all the orders given to it and internet consists of ocean of information. It can be of much use, when there is a lack of classroom coaching. In the absence of teacher, internet can substitute the tutor and provide the essential learning. Students can have access to latest information on technology, expert views and opinions and even participate in the virtual lectures.

Last but not the least, we all have to understand that it is the humans who have discovered computers and internet for the benefit of the human race. Internet is just a medium to bring the whole world under one roof. The content available on the internet is the work of humans which is available for everyone to make optimal use of it. It is up to us how much dependent on computers we become or how creative can we can turn into.

Contributed by Yogesh Parmar

Email : yogeshparmar74@gmail.com