Category Archives: Speaking

Important Words that are useful in Answer Short Questions

SOME WORDS EVERY STUDENT SHOULD KNOW –

DEFT
skillful in physical movements; especially of the hands

To make it work requires a deft hand. 

DESTINATION 
the place designated as the end, as of a race or journey

Airports get stacked up with planes that can’t take off for their destinations. 

DIMINISH
decrease in size, extent, or range

By Friday morning, most of the heavy rain is expected to diminish. 

DISDAIN
lack of respect accompanied by a feeling of intense dislike

In the visage of Grumpy Cat, it seems, her fans found the perfect holy expression of indifferent disdain for all things. 

DISMAL
causing dejection

It’s been a pretty dismal month, as far as world events go, but the news wasn’t all bad thanks to some very entertaining on-air mishaps. 

DISPEL
force to go away

For most of us, dispelling the darkness is as simple as turning on a light. 

EAVESDROP
listen without the speaker’s knowledge

They eavesdrop on the noises that other birds make while hiding food in order to steal the stash later, new research shows. 

EGREGIOUS
conspicuously and outrageously bad or reprehensible

Prosecutors questioned him about killings and other egregious human rights abuses perpetrated by his regime. 

EMBER
a hot, smoldering fragment of wood left from a fire

“Every hot spot is an ember that, if not contained, can become a new fire,” 

EMERGE
come out into view, as from concealment

They say that program has helped them emerge from the shadows, making possible a work permit, a Social Security number and enhanced self-respect. 

ENGROSS
consume all of one’s attention or time

I don’t know how long I was reading; I was so engrossed in the paper that I did not hear any footsteps. 

EXASPERATION
a feeling of annoyance

Like many a teenager on his school holidays, Parys is in bed, his mother explains with exasperation. 

FALTER
move hesitatingly, as if about to give way

“The rocket has faltered, but it won’t crash,” 

FORESIGHT
seeing ahead; knowing in advance; foreseeing

But nobody had the wherewithal or foresight to think that day would actually happen. 

FRAGRANCE
a distinctive odor that is pleasant

After 30 minutes in the oven, what hits you first is the enticing, warm fragrance that fills your kitchen. 

FURTIVE
secret and sly or sordid

What muffled whispers do they share, what furtive games are they playing?

 

APLOMB
great coolness and composure under strain

I wish I had handled it with aplomb. 

APPREHENSIVE 
in fear or dread of possible evil or harm

Virga still feels apprehensive when visiting an unfamiliar zoo. 

APTITUDE
inherent ability

I was recently asked in an interview, what is more valued by companies – aptitude or attitude? 

ATTENTIVE
taking heed

You make sure to be extra attentive to your friend. 

BANISH
send away from a place of residence, as for punishment

Napoleon loses so big that he is banished to an island. 

BARRICADE
block off with barriers

The Secret Service ordered nearby streets and parking lots barricaded for security. 

BLUFF
frighten someone by pretending to be stronger than one is

Sporting a pith helmet, Nixon observed that “whoever is talking the loudest is pretty sure to be bluffing.” 

BRACKISH
slightly salty

Brackish water can be used, but freshwater is easier and less costly. 

BRANDISHED
move or swing back and forth

Hart brandished a “Free Hugs” sign as he stood alone in front of a police barricade. 

CIRCUMFERENCE
the size of something as given by the distance around it

That’s almost 10 times the circumference of the Earth, which is a surprisingly small 24,859.82 miles. 

COMMOTION
confused movement

Moments later came commotion, followed by shouts of “Stop pushing me!” 

CONCOCTIONS
any foodstuff made by combining different ingredients

There are some food combos that blend beautifully with each other to create truly tasty concoctions. 

CONSPICUOUS
obvious to the eye or mind

Today, the link is more conspicuous: highlighted in blue, it appears directly beneath the site’s login form. 

COUNTER
speak in response
The seller can then accept, counter or reject the offer. 

CUNNING
shrewdness as demonstrated by being skilled in deception

Moreover, it was no secret that Cleopatra had ruthless cunning and superior intelligence.

 

PTE Real Exam Questions(Retell Lecture)

Retell lecture (Speaking Module)

Important Topic – 

  • Sound receptors – ear drum, vibration
  • &Aztecs and cacao, chocolate and cocoa seeds.
  • BOMB CALORIMETER
  • Calcium and vitamin D
  • Infinite monkey theorem
  • Space photograph- why sky is dark at night
  • RNA , cells in body
  • About space and world, for about 1000 years’ people thought its flat but later in 19th century Einstein theory proved wrong. ……….”/About space, ppl thought its constant but Ein Stein found its moving in space constantly.
  • Population growth in Britain / Relationship between UK population and resources in 1900-2000
  • Human Brain Development (synapse formation) Image given
  • Rat eating habits and possible diseases
  • Leadership learning in business and education
  • Some research about sea creatures/ “world we do not know under the sea” with a clip of jellyfish and a guy is keep talking the creatures under hundreds miles of the ocean.
  • Thermodynamics theory Vs Kinetics theory
  • About adult rats and LD i.e Light dark behaviour. Don’t worry if you miss the lecture there is quite good image given which you can use for further explanation.
  • Haussmann’s renovation of Paris. This was about improvements done by Napoleon 3rd like lit ups XXX lamps(Changed from oil lamps to Gas lamps), ~18K planted trees, changed sewer line, painted whole Paris and made a lot of changes which made Paris a very better to live and hangout for coffee.
  • Wilson’s contribution to America’s literature
  • Atomic theory
  • Global temperature- Measures taken for addressing climate changes in past and present
  • How emigrants are sending money to their home country by two channel: semiformal and informal
  • Species ability to survival and reproduction / Dolphins and its survival
  • Type of dimensions. Started from the 1D, 2D, 3D..Then told that in 4D, time is included Dimensions – different aspects to calculate
  • The government does not inform civilians before making any decision they come to know when it becomes policy, when asked by the mob, elected and non-elected always throw reasons from rulebooks.s – something about liberal party of democracy 
  • Women prefer their profession instead of being a mother in UK.
  • Two bar graphs showing a comparison of marks secured by boys and girls in Maths and English and impact of Psychology and cognitive development.
  • Debt of farmers is increasing due to high use of pesticides. Subsidy given to farmers. Farmers are borrowing money to buy fertilizers, fertilizing companies getting benefitted, impact of raising prices of seeds on agriculture.
  • Bar graph about the expenditure for the territory education in different countries.
  • Image given about the process of aquaculture in ocean and discussing about proposed techniques
  • Changing economy of world affecting graduates
  • About time constraint for both males and females
  • Electric car.
    • HIV
    • Laughter
    • Welsh language result
    • America culture and Europe
    • A university competing for students, founds and staff.
    • S. commodities and expenditure
    • Help from affluent country over developing nation
    • Economy of Australia / Australia’s export to Asian countries
    • Globalization, it’s effect on natural resources, climate change.
    • Juggling worm-like balance
    • Training given to Community Health Workers – trainings and basic skills 
    • The numbers of frog limb deformities in NA.

Read Aloud-Check the Pronunciation of these words

Vary Eventually Organization theoretically
Very Colony Thresholds wander
Analyse Recognized Disaster wonder
Government Ingredients Analysis monarchy
Technology Coasters clothes laboratory
Technological Power escape heart
World Versatility February eyes
Depth Durability hierarchy ice
Situation Mosaic prescription biology
Determine Magnificient yolk biological
Explosive Acerbic accessory psychology
Global Curators way geography
Competitive Philanthropists arctic loose
Important Financial asterisk lose
Thesis Economy athlete accept
Ace Economical cache except
Persuasiveness Finance cavalry guilty
Arguments Development chaos build
Predilection Environment jewelry business
Devastation Contemplation niche paper
International Journey picture rich
Significant Disguise wintry reach
Centuries Elites year hill
Years Myths innovative heal
Evolved Consumerism busy anxiety
      infinite
      theory

Practice Answer Short Questions 2 PTE Academic -Speaking

Most helpful and repeated in the PTE-A Exams:
1. Paying at the counter after shopping – check out
2. First story of the basement/building – basement
3. Fed up – Negative feeling
4. Who do you call in case of leaking pipeline – plumber
5. Microscope is used to see – Micro-organism
6. Transfer quickly from computer to computer – virus, Downloading
7. Democratic government – people vote
8. What do you get when you buy something – receipt
9. Agriculture based country – farming economy
10. Stars or planet – astronomy
11. Dead remains of plants – fossils
12. Business and advertising PR means – public relation
13. What do you need to see thing which are far away – Binoculars
14. Magnify minimal objects – microscope
15. Who to visit if you have fear of crowd – psychologist
16. Means of travelling in developed countries – public transport
17. Washing clothes – laundry
18. Who is more playing football – men
19. Living things – Biology
20. Month between September and November – October
21. Thing most people use in their home – Bed
22. Main difference between a wrist watch and a clock – Size
23. Where we store meat – Freezer
24. Most important document while driving – Driving license
25. Where we can buy floor – Supermarket
26. For X-ray – radiology
27. Volume of water – liters
28. Hand joint with arm – wrist
29. wall clock and hand watch – their relative sizes
30. City – Urban area
31. When moon covers sun -solar eclipse
32. Orbits the sun – Planet
33. Football in-charge – referee
34. cardiologists – heart
35. event placed in time order – a timeline
36. sea water different from fresh water – Salt
37. University courses – orally or written assessment
38. washing clothes – in the bathroom
39. protect motor bike rider’s – Helmet
40. leap year – 366 days
41. fitness – more exercise
42. Europe is home to – United kingdom
43. arrival at hotel – reception or check-in
44. job title building designer – architecture
45. watches a sport event – spectator
46. climb to roof – ladder
47. don’t feel like eating – appetite
48. improve health n fitness – diet and more physical exercise
49. What is the name of ground military forces? – Army
50. What is someone that can’t see called? – Blind
51. What do you call the middle of something? – Center
52. Whose job is it to treat people that are ill or have an injury at a hospital? – Doctor
53. What is the process of teaching and learning called? – Education
54. What kind of book is written by a person about their own life? – Autobiography
55. What is the red liquid that flows through a body? – Blood
56. What is the payment of a student’s education by an organization called? – scholarship
57. What is piece of paper with official information written on it? – document
58. What is the name of a building where you can borrow books? – library
59. Who is a person that makes bread, cakes and pastries? – baker
60. What organ controls your speech, feelings, body movement and thoughts? – brain
61. What piece of equipment shows a person what direction they are traveling? – compass
62. What is a series of events that happen in your mind while you are sleeping? – dream
63. What is that person belongs to an organization called? – member
64. Who cuts men’s hair? – barber
65. What is it called when two or more people are speaking to each other? – conversation
66. What is a violent conflict between two or more countries? – war
67. What do you call the number of people living in a specific area? – population
68. What do you call a person that can’t hear? – deaf
69. What is the day that someone is born? – birthday
70. What plan shows how much money is available and how it will be spent? – budget
71. What is the name of a system of government in which the people elect their leaders? – democracy
72. What planet do we live on? – earth
73. What is the job of someone that looks after your teeth and gums? – dentist
74. What is the time period before noon is called? – ante meridian
75. What is the time after noon called? – post meridian
76. What organ do cardiologists specialize in? – Heart
From Mc Millen:
1. Which section of news paper gives the editor an opinion? – editorial
2. what instrument used to examine very small thing – microscope
3. What is the destructive program that spread from comp to comp – a virus
4. what term used for animals that gives birth to – mammals
5. System of government where people vote for people – democracy
6. piece of paper that you bought an item – a receipt
7. What you call the document that tells your qualification and work exp? – CV, curriculum vitae, resume
8. How would you describe economy largely based on farming? – agricultural, rural
9. What is the study of stars and planet called? – astronomy
10. In business and davit what is PR stand for? – public relations
11. What emergency service called at see? – coastguard
12. Name a month fall bet April and June? – May
13. what word describe moving a website from internet to your comp – downloading / download
14. What is called a picture doctor take to see inside body? – an X-ray
15. What crime has someone stealing from shop committed? – shoplifting
16. If someone feeling ill they will say ‘they are feeling under the ___’ what? – weather
17. [under the weather – Feel sick, poor health, tired or exhausted]
18. Who is person in-charge of a football match? – the referee
19. Last game in sporting competition that decide champ? – the final
20. What is the general term for painting at country side or natural view? – landscape
21. Found in office (a printer and other two options)? – a printer
22. There are two types of sporting contests: one is amateur; and other is ___? – professional
23. Where would you find the whale (tropical forest, ocean)? – ocean
24. Coat had a stain on it where would they take? – a dry cleaner’s
25. What are the things that ‘hens lay’ called? – eggs
26. The people who use ___ to obey the rules and protect the public from criminals are called? – the police
27. On what geographical location would someone be living if their country is surrounded by water on all side? – an island
28. What general part of the day is known as dawn? – a sunrise
29. [Part of the Day: “Dawn–Twilight–Sunrise, Morning, Daylight / midday-afternoon, Evening, Sunset–Twilight–Dusk, Night”]
30. What are the people that plant food, raise crop are commonly known as? – farmers
31. If a button has come off a shirt, what would someone most likely use to put it back on? – a needle and thread
32. What appliance do people use to keep their food cool and preventing from spoiling? – fridge
33. To crossover from one side of the wide river to another without using boat, what is usually required? – a bridge
34. What is a painting of a person’s head is called? – a portrait
35. Where do we find urban area in a city or country side? – in a city
36. What we call it, when moon completely blocks out the light from the sun? – a solar eclipse / an eclipse
37. What point of the compass is directly opposite east? – west
38. Where does u pay for your purchases at the super market? – (at the) till / checkout
39. What does u call an apartment that is beyond ground level (a basement apartment or a penthouse apartment)? – a basement apartment
40. What features do pianos and computers have in common? – a keyboard
41. If you are feeling ‘fed up’ it is positive or negative feeling? – a negative feeling
42. “I am fed up with being put down and made to feel stupid”]
43. What we call a period of ten years? – a decade
44. A specialist who repairs leaking water pipes is called a ___? plumber
45. A famous canal links the meditation sea with the Indian Ocean, is it the Curran or Suez Canal? – the Suez canal
46. Where would you keep the meat you wish to keep frozen at home? – in a freezer
47. What is the most imp doc you would have to show if you would to hire a car? – a driving license
48. Where would you go to work out on a trade mill? – a gym / gymnasium
49. What piece of equipment would you use to go diving in a sea, an aquaplane or an aqualung? – an aqualung [ aqualung – a portable breathing apparatus for divers ; aquaplane – a board for riding on water, pulled by a speedboat]
50. Where would you most likely go to buy some flowers (a bakery, a florist or a super market)? – a supermarket
51. which hospital dept you go for x-ray (radiology or cardio) – a radiology
52. Where would you go to see an exhibition of sculptures? – to an art gallery / to a museum
53. Would you measure volume of water in liters or kilos? – liters
54. What’s the joint called where your hand is connected to your arm? – the (or your) wrist
Offline Practice PTE-An Exam:
1. What organ do cardiologists specialize in? – (the) heart / hearts
2. If telescopes are used to locate distant objects, what instrument is employed to magnify minuscule objects? – (electron) microscope / microscopes
3. Which kind of punishment for a crime is the less severe, an imprisonment or community service? – community service
4. How many sides are there in a bilateral agreement? – two
5. Which is the longest: a decade, a millennium or a century? – a millennium
6. A manufacturing process releases noxious gases. What is the most important safety measure for workers at this plant – ensuring good ventilation, or appropriate footwear? – (ensuring good) ventilation
7. A list of events placed in time order is usually described as what? – a chronology / a timeline
8. If a figure is hexagonal, how many sides does it have? – six
9. What key mineral makes sea water different from fresh water? – salt
10. In the animal kingdom, is the purpose of camouflage to attract a mate, to find food or to hide? – (it’s) (the purpose is) (to) hide

All The Best

Keep Practising

Build up your Vocabulary & Collocations

Dear Readers

Greetings,

In this series I would be introducing 10 most powerful and widely used words along with their collocations.

  1. Alacrity  [uhlak-ri-tee] – An eager willingness to do something. Showing promptness. Collocation –  She ​accepted the ​money with alacrity.
    Question of private tuition fees they are moving with remarkable alacrity.
  2. Prosaic [proh-zey-ik] – commonplace or dull; matter-of-fact or unimaginative:a prosaic mind. of or having the character or form of prosethe ordinary form of spoken or written language, rather than of poetry
    The reality, however, is probably more prosaic.

    He ​asked if I’d got my ​black ​eye in a ​fight. I told him the prosaic ​truth that I’d ​banged my ​head on a ​door.

  3. Veracity [vuhras-i-tee]Veracity sounds a lot like voracity. Whereas many know voracity means full of hunger, whether for food or knowledge (the adjective form voracious is more common), few know veracity. Unfortunately, many confuse the two on the test.

    Veracity means truthful. (habitual observance of truth in speech or statement) Veracious, the adjective form of veracity, sounds a lot like voracious. So be careful.

    He was not noted for his veracity.  

    To question the veracity of his account.

  4. Paucity [paw-si-tee] : smallness of quantity; scarcity; scantiness: a country with a paucity of resources. smallness or insufficiency of number; fewness. 
    as long as the female, and this would explain the relative paucity of males.
    It is the paucity of its retail base which is stunting growth.
  5. Maintain : The second definition of this word is to affirm; assert; declareOne can maintain their innocence. A scientist can maintain that a recent finding supports her theory.
  6. Contrite : [kuh n-trahyt, kon-trahyt]   caused by or showing sincere remorse. filled with a sense of guilt and the desire for atonement; penitent: a contrite sinner.
  7. Laconic : [luhkon-ik] – › using very few words to ​express what you ​mean: concise: a laconic reply. While Martha always swooned over the hunky, laconic types in romantic comedies, her boyfriends inevitably were very talkative—and not very hunky
  8. Pugnacious : [puhg-ney-shuh s] Much like a pug dog, which aggressively yaps at anything near it, a person who is pugnacious likes to aggressively argue about everything. Verbally combative is another good way to describe pugnaciousinclined to quarrel or fight readily; quarrelsome; belligerent; combative. He served as a pugnacious and dedicated leader of the opposition.

     

  9. Disparate :  [dis-per-it, dih-spar-] –different in every way: The two ​cultures were so ​utterly disparate that she ​found it hard to ​adapt from one to the other.

    distinct in kind; essentially different; dissimilar: disparate ideas.

  10. Egregious : [ih-gree-juh s, -jee-uh s]extremely ​bad in a way that is very ​noticeable: It was an egregious ​error for a ​statesman to show such ​ignorance.‘Greg’ is the Latin root for flock. At one point, egregious meant standing out of the flock in a positive way. This definition went out of vogue sometime in the 16th century, after which time egregious was used ironically.
    Thus for the last five hundred years, ‘egregious’ meant standing out in a bad way. In sports, an egregious foul would be called on a player who slugged another player (not including hockey, of course).
    The dictator’s abuse of human rights was so egregious that many world leaders asked that he be tried in an international court for genocide.

All the best.

Happy Learning.

Answer Short Questions made easy.

Answer Short Questions

Stay focused

  • In the 3 seconds before the audio begins for each task. focus on the task so you are ready to understand the question.
  • The questions are short, and you must answer as soon as the microphone opens, so keep your concentration through all the tasks.
  • Don’t let your mind wander as there is no time to ‘tune in’ to what you will hear.

Understand the question

  • Listen for the question word (who,what, when, how, why) that will help you to understand the question.
  • Do not be afraid that you will not have the specific knowledge needed; all the questions are about topics that every educated person knows.
  • There is one correct answer that is usually one word or a short phrase.

Speak Clearly

  • Speak when the blue recording bar appears in the Recording Status box (there is no tone). The microphone will close if there is silence for more than 3 seconds.
  • If you realize you have made a mistake, correct yourself, as the score depends on the correct word or words only. Once you have answered, click Next’.

Important points to remember while answering short questions

  1. Start your answer as soon as the Recording Status box changes to ‘Recording’. If you wait longer than three seconds, you will lose your opportunity to answer and the recording will move on to the next question.
  2. This task type is not individually timed. You must click ‘Next’ to move to the next task after you have given your response. The timer for the Speaking section will continue running, so once the microphone closes, click ‘Next’ and move on.
  3. Follow the instructions and only give a short answer. For example if the answer is stage, then stage, a stage, the stage, it’s called a It’s a stage will all be correct and will score the same marks. The important word is stage.
  4. Sometimes you can use words in the question to help you answer. e.g. the word desk is often used with the answer to form a well -known phrase.
  5. Listen for the question word. e.g. what. how. In this question. What do we call tells you the answer is the name of something.
  6. Remember that you will do 10 – 12 tasks of this type. Keep your concentration as you move through the questions.
  7. Once the microphone closes, you cannot change your answer. If you realize your first answer was not correct, keep speaking and give the correct answer. You have ten seconds to give your response, but the microphone will close if there are more than three seconds of silence.
  8. Don’t pause in the middle of your answer for more than three seconds. If you do so, the recording will move on to the next question and your answer will be incomplete.

All the Best

Happy Practising.

How to make short notes for RETELL LECTURE for PTE Academic.

Effective strategies for RETELL LECTURE

  1. First of all observe the picture/image given in the question. You can anticipate something about the topic on which the lecture would be.
  2. Keep your erasable notebook and marker ready to make notes.
  3. Once you start listening to the lecture, make the notes of the key points and the supporting ideas.
  4. Never try to write down everything in the lecture. Pick up only the key words and use your own symbols, abbreviations and arrows to jot down the important points. Make a flow of the ideas so that you can speak fluently.

Example: –  The following is the transcript of a lecture. I shall tell you how to pick up the key points…

TRANSCRIPT 1

In today’s lecture I’m going to talk about changes in air pollution since the middle of the last century and what has created these changes. So, um – by the I 950s, air pollution was very visible with frequent thick black fogs known as ‘smogs’ in many large cities around the world. The main source of this pollution was from factories and it caused severe health problems. For example, a particularly severe smog in London in 1952 caused over four thousand deaths.

Obviously something had to be done and in 1956 a Clean Air Act was introduced in Britain. This addressed the pollution from factories and the smogs soon disappeared, However, as you know, these days air pollution is still a big issue. The main difference between now and the 1950’s is that you can’t see it – it’s invisible. Also, the main source of pollution now is from cars and lorries,

and although these don’t produce visible signs, this air pollution is still a significant risk to health. And one of the key factors in the rise of this type of pollution is that we have all become much more vehicle-dependent, There are far more cars and lorries, trains and planes than in the 1950’s and this is now the main source of air pollution around the world.

Short Notes

  • Now that you have made the notes of the key points, it would be very easy to form the story for your speaking. You will have 10 seconds to recollect your ideas.
  • Finally when the recording bar appears start speaking with a confident tone. Make sure you speak FLUENTLY & with CORRECT PRONUNCIATON of the words. You will have 40 seconds to complete this task.

All the Best

Happy Practising.

If you have any queries you can email me on yogeshparmar74@gmail.com