Essay – Some people believe laws change human behaviour. Do you agree with it?

Some people believe laws change human behaviour. Do you agree with it?

Few people are of the view that the rule of the land changes the conduct and the nature of persons. I, totally agree with this statement because the presence of law builds up the confidence among the citizens and make the society disciplined. Furthermore law abiding citizens live a safe life with harmony among themselves.

Firstly, with the presence of certain laws, the confidence among the civilians increases because every citizen feels that justice and fairness will be delivered to them. Law does not differentiate the citizens on the basis of money, sex or creed. That is why the law instils confidence among the citizens. Recently in 2012, changes have made in the Indian laws, and now the laws to protect the women are even more stringent and strict. This act has grown the confidence of the women more.

Secondly, with the presence of law people feel safe. For instance in many countries, it is mandatory to wear helmet and fasten the seat belt while driving the vehicles. Obeying the traffic laws make the people safe and it brings discipline among them.

Thirdly, certain laws also help the citizens to remain healthy. For example narcotics laws prevents the people from the drug abuse. Harsher punishments are awarded to the offenders in many countries. Healthy and fit people tend to be more efficient and happy.

Finally, it can be concluded that law do affect the behaviour of the people. A common man lives his life stress free, while the criminals are always in a fear of being caught.

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Essay-Do you think that consumer should avoid over packed products or it is the responsibility of the producer to avoid extra packaging of products?” Give your views or any relevant example with your own experience.

In my opinion, the customer should discard the product with extra packaging as well as the manufacturer also share an equal responsibility of the commodities. On one hand, consumers should not buy the over packaged products, simultaneously they should buy products which have biodegradable packaging and finally shouldof segregate the dangerous packaging material while disposing off. On the other hand, the manufacturers should always look out new technology for packaging which is eco-friendly, go for bare minimum packaging that is required and should always follow the environmental laws.

Firstly, a lot of damage is done to the environment when packaging material is not properly disposed off. For example, plastic and polyethylene are not biodegradable and remains intact even after 1000 years. Secondly, lots of cardboards are used as packaging material for which lots of trees are cut down, which is the major cause of deforestation. Moreover, with additional packaging, the cost of the product also increases. Over packaging is also hazardous for the animal and aquatic life, as many animals’ dies by consuming polyethene and marine life is disturbed and choked when these materials are disposed in rivers or sea.

As a responsibility, the consumers should discard the over-packaged products and should go for biodegradable packaging products. Secondly, they should not dump the packaging materials along with the garbage. Any packaging material if there should be properly disposed off or recycled. Most importantly all the consumers should follow the environmental rules and regulation which will make their surrounding eco-friendly. Lastly, knowledge about keeping the environment clean and safe should be given in schools and colleges and citizens should organize awareness campaigns with the help of NGOs about the ill effect of extra packaging.

Lastly, the manufacturer should also take equal responsibility to avoid extra packaging. They should always look out for some new technology for biodegradable packaging. Secondly, producers should pack the products with only bare essential packaging. Finally, producers should always follow the environment rules and regulations in terms of extracting packaging material

All in all, it can be concluded that both consumers and manufacturers should share the responsibility and go hand in hand to avoid the ill effects of extra packaging.

Contributed by Yogesh Parmar

yogeshparmar74@gmail.com

Check Your Spellings

Please circle the incorrectly spelled word in each line or NM for “no mistake”.

 

  1. accident          probably           benifit                  important           NM
  2. animal             moment           superior               beleif                    NM
  3. brought           decission          ambition             relative                NM
  4. afraid               signul                accident               reaction               NM
  5. beutiful           circle                  combination      dollar                    NM
  6. neighbor         substitute         primary               possible               NM
  7. tommorrow   triumph             compliment       supplies               NM
  8. either               childrun            straight                scientist               NM
  9. composition   ability                differant              thrown                 NM
  10. unusual            sympathy          parties                 valuable              NM

Latest PTE Questions – Contributed by an Exam Taker

Speaking

Easy Read Aloud

Repeat Sentences –

The Maximum production of chocolate is in U.S

Industrial development will enhance the economy.

The conference has to be scheduled before two weeks in advance.

Describe Image

  • Line graph comparison of UK and Scotland pay gap,
  • Population trend line graph of liechard city
  • Line graph – bit complex. It had two line graphs, one showed the temperature ranges for the various months and the other just focused on may and showed the average rainfall recorded on may 1 -16.
  • Pie chart on how students pay for their studies by aid, by grant, by work, etc.
  • Precipitation world map of different countries.
  • Bar graph average rainfall in inches in 4 cities.

Re-tell lecture

Work team table with lecture on treatment on H.I.V infected patients and measures.

Space and Galaxy transformation over a period of time.

Stressful life of people because of long working hours.

ANSWER SHORT QUESTION 

Image of Women sitting and her papers are blowing in air-what is happening with papers?

What structure is used in transportation in river?

What will take a long time to reach on some destination? is it through car, train or airplane?

A table is shown of men and women in undergraduate and graduate course, and ist is asked how many women are there in undergraduate course?

A picture of a city is shown with garden, mall, etc represented with nb like A,B,C etc. And it is asked what A stands for?/

WRITING TASK
SUMMARY

  1. Voting importance, women voting rights, media and politicians and fall in polling votes?
  2. Indian software engineering argued with U.S.A innovation technology etc

ESSAY- on in past 100 years, there has been inventions like antibiotics, airplanes and computers, which is best according to you?

LISTENING SUMMARY

  1. Species survival and their abilities?

Important Words that are useful in Answer Short Questions

SOME WORDS EVERY STUDENT SHOULD KNOW –

DEFT
skillful in physical movements; especially of the hands

To make it work requires a deft hand. 

DESTINATION 
the place designated as the end, as of a race or journey

Airports get stacked up with planes that can’t take off for their destinations. 

DIMINISH
decrease in size, extent, or range

By Friday morning, most of the heavy rain is expected to diminish. 

DISDAIN
lack of respect accompanied by a feeling of intense dislike

In the visage of Grumpy Cat, it seems, her fans found the perfect holy expression of indifferent disdain for all things. 

DISMAL
causing dejection

It’s been a pretty dismal month, as far as world events go, but the news wasn’t all bad thanks to some very entertaining on-air mishaps. 

DISPEL
force to go away

For most of us, dispelling the darkness is as simple as turning on a light. 

EAVESDROP
listen without the speaker’s knowledge

They eavesdrop on the noises that other birds make while hiding food in order to steal the stash later, new research shows. 

EGREGIOUS
conspicuously and outrageously bad or reprehensible

Prosecutors questioned him about killings and other egregious human rights abuses perpetrated by his regime. 

EMBER
a hot, smoldering fragment of wood left from a fire

“Every hot spot is an ember that, if not contained, can become a new fire,” 

EMERGE
come out into view, as from concealment

They say that program has helped them emerge from the shadows, making possible a work permit, a Social Security number and enhanced self-respect. 

ENGROSS
consume all of one’s attention or time

I don’t know how long I was reading; I was so engrossed in the paper that I did not hear any footsteps. 

EXASPERATION
a feeling of annoyance

Like many a teenager on his school holidays, Parys is in bed, his mother explains with exasperation. 

FALTER
move hesitatingly, as if about to give way

“The rocket has faltered, but it won’t crash,” 

FORESIGHT
seeing ahead; knowing in advance; foreseeing

But nobody had the wherewithal or foresight to think that day would actually happen. 

FRAGRANCE
a distinctive odor that is pleasant

After 30 minutes in the oven, what hits you first is the enticing, warm fragrance that fills your kitchen. 

FURTIVE
secret and sly or sordid

What muffled whispers do they share, what furtive games are they playing?

 

APLOMB
great coolness and composure under strain

I wish I had handled it with aplomb. 

APPREHENSIVE 
in fear or dread of possible evil or harm

Virga still feels apprehensive when visiting an unfamiliar zoo. 

APTITUDE
inherent ability

I was recently asked in an interview, what is more valued by companies – aptitude or attitude? 

ATTENTIVE
taking heed

You make sure to be extra attentive to your friend. 

BANISH
send away from a place of residence, as for punishment

Napoleon loses so big that he is banished to an island. 

BARRICADE
block off with barriers

The Secret Service ordered nearby streets and parking lots barricaded for security. 

BLUFF
frighten someone by pretending to be stronger than one is

Sporting a pith helmet, Nixon observed that “whoever is talking the loudest is pretty sure to be bluffing.” 

BRACKISH
slightly salty

Brackish water can be used, but freshwater is easier and less costly. 

BRANDISHED
move or swing back and forth

Hart brandished a “Free Hugs” sign as he stood alone in front of a police barricade. 

CIRCUMFERENCE
the size of something as given by the distance around it

That’s almost 10 times the circumference of the Earth, which is a surprisingly small 24,859.82 miles. 

COMMOTION
confused movement

Moments later came commotion, followed by shouts of “Stop pushing me!” 

CONCOCTIONS
any foodstuff made by combining different ingredients

There are some food combos that blend beautifully with each other to create truly tasty concoctions. 

CONSPICUOUS
obvious to the eye or mind

Today, the link is more conspicuous: highlighted in blue, it appears directly beneath the site’s login form. 

COUNTER
speak in response
The seller can then accept, counter or reject the offer. 

CUNNING
shrewdness as demonstrated by being skilled in deception

Moreover, it was no secret that Cleopatra had ruthless cunning and superior intelligence.

 

Real Test Questions in Summarized Spoken Test (Listening Module)

Important Topic –

  • A policy change in Britain that forced archaeologists to rebury human remains after 2 years of study.
  • Unlike other animals, humans have the ability to ask unimportant questions and set human oriented-goals.
  • Shortage of talent and how companies and countries are fighting to recruit the best candidate.
  • Marry Mcllan and her beliefs regarding introducing the development of curriculum in schools.
  • Making voting mandatory in a democratic country.
  • An author talking about the reason behind writing novel . “The secret of bees” made her a novelist / about a lady who wrote fictions in her early life n how she became a novelist through a dream
  • 43-year-old lady talking abt her loans and debt., unable to clear, no proper job, debts are more than income, affects children education.
  • New Hampshire seashore monitoring systems
  • Some facts about human brain and short time memory
  • About some explanations about some allergy, diabetic basically it’s about health related topic
  • Mary who was born in Ireland in 19XX – migrated to US in 19XX – Was a great cook – suspected to have died coz of typhoid but no strong evidences – typhoid a contagious disease spread due to contaminated food – Typhoid took 197 lives in 19XX – Mary never got herself inspected so thought it’s just FLU
  • Study of Biology and its chain – interconnection with every species 
  • Increased globalization and global economy.
  • how democracy is being manipulated
  • About governmental evolution. U.S as example democratic and republicans – Modification/Devolution of government in US (Democrats Vs. Republicans)
  • Agriculture vs urban area
  • Drug effect on human
  • Saturated and reproduction
  • Universe/Space – what is it and beliefs of Einstein
  • Chocolate bar aesthetic issue
  • Problems faced by students in the exam. unsaturated oil.
  • University of LSE and all
  • World marketing and how business works by exchanging goods.
  • Indian software engineers
  • Species – factors impacting survival

PTE Real Exam Questions(Retell Lecture)

Retell lecture (Speaking Module)

Important Topic – 

  • Sound receptors – ear drum, vibration
  • &Aztecs and cacao, chocolate and cocoa seeds.
  • BOMB CALORIMETER
  • Calcium and vitamin D
  • Infinite monkey theorem
  • Space photograph- why sky is dark at night
  • RNA , cells in body
  • About space and world, for about 1000 years’ people thought its flat but later in 19th century Einstein theory proved wrong. ……….”/About space, ppl thought its constant but Ein Stein found its moving in space constantly.
  • Population growth in Britain / Relationship between UK population and resources in 1900-2000
  • Human Brain Development (synapse formation) Image given
  • Rat eating habits and possible diseases
  • Leadership learning in business and education
  • Some research about sea creatures/ “world we do not know under the sea” with a clip of jellyfish and a guy is keep talking the creatures under hundreds miles of the ocean.
  • Thermodynamics theory Vs Kinetics theory
  • About adult rats and LD i.e Light dark behaviour. Don’t worry if you miss the lecture there is quite good image given which you can use for further explanation.
  • Haussmann’s renovation of Paris. This was about improvements done by Napoleon 3rd like lit ups XXX lamps(Changed from oil lamps to Gas lamps), ~18K planted trees, changed sewer line, painted whole Paris and made a lot of changes which made Paris a very better to live and hangout for coffee.
  • Wilson’s contribution to America’s literature
  • Atomic theory
  • Global temperature- Measures taken for addressing climate changes in past and present
  • How emigrants are sending money to their home country by two channel: semiformal and informal
  • Species ability to survival and reproduction / Dolphins and its survival
  • Type of dimensions. Started from the 1D, 2D, 3D..Then told that in 4D, time is included Dimensions – different aspects to calculate
  • The government does not inform civilians before making any decision they come to know when it becomes policy, when asked by the mob, elected and non-elected always throw reasons from rulebooks.s – something about liberal party of democracy 
  • Women prefer their profession instead of being a mother in UK.
  • Two bar graphs showing a comparison of marks secured by boys and girls in Maths and English and impact of Psychology and cognitive development.
  • Debt of farmers is increasing due to high use of pesticides. Subsidy given to farmers. Farmers are borrowing money to buy fertilizers, fertilizing companies getting benefitted, impact of raising prices of seeds on agriculture.
  • Bar graph about the expenditure for the territory education in different countries.
  • Image given about the process of aquaculture in ocean and discussing about proposed techniques
  • Changing economy of world affecting graduates
  • About time constraint for both males and females
  • Electric car.
    • HIV
    • Laughter
    • Welsh language result
    • America culture and Europe
    • A university competing for students, founds and staff.
    • S. commodities and expenditure
    • Help from affluent country over developing nation
    • Economy of Australia / Australia’s export to Asian countries
    • Globalization, it’s effect on natural resources, climate change.
    • Juggling worm-like balance
    • Training given to Community Health Workers – trainings and basic skills 
    • The numbers of frog limb deformities in NA.