The 21st Century has begun. What changes do you think this new century will bring ? Use examples and details to explain your answer.
Historically, evolution has been in nature’s hands. Now, suddenly, it is largely in human hands, but we need to be cautious, using our scientific know-how as responsibly as possible. The job of today’s young people, or the “Transition Generation” will be to get humanity through the coming period of chaos, peril, and opportunity. Cognitive abilities of humans has helped him to transform Stone Age into age of technology in a phased manner.21st century heralded the era of transformation in every sphere of life to make the quality of life better . Be it education, infrastructure, medicines, weapons, food and the like.
With the development of infrastructure and means of communication like railways, airways, shipways, cars , world has transformed into global village . It is not just their development but also its frequency and speed which is constantly being improved and this century will witness self driven vehicles, flying cars, mono rails, space tourism and many more inventions which are beyond our imagination.
Life on extra terrestrial planets would become a reality. Astronomical innovations have provided us new insights into life which was earlier restricted to earth. It will help us to discover medicines of incurable or life threatening diseases as our space is treasure of rare earth materials and energy. It is already a proven fact that surgeries done in space have better result.
The basic problems of hunger, malnutrition, drinking water, with which our world is still afflicted would be lost into oblivion. With cutting edge technologies in food production like gene sequencing , Genome project, Bio-technology food, cross pollination , we will be able to grow foods with desired nutrients and too less land will be required to grow too much food.
However on the flip side, this century will also pose us with various threats in the form of global warming and subsequent thinning of ozone layer which may have catastrophic effects on all life forms on earth and might usher what is called as “Fifth Mass Destruction”. Also new diseases are emerging like Zika Virus, SARS, H1N1 flu, and new types of cancers. Furthermore due to changes in food chain there has been invasion of alien species which are intensifying the damage. Development of weapons of mass destruction like hydrogen bomb, chemical bombs would further pose new threats. Human cloning, Stem cells preservation may also bring unthinkable dangers.
All such fears have to be tackled and managed with utmost level of care and sophistication. Only then we can enjoy the real fruits of time. And we should be ready for all the threats by catapulting our strengths .
Contributed by Nikhil Ahuja.