Monthly Archives: January 2016

Essay Writing – 2 – Some people believe that manufacturers and supermarkets should minimize the packaging material used. However, others think that consumers should avoid heavily packaged goods. Discuss both views and give your opinion.

Over packaging is a clever tactic that many manufacturers employ to make their products look more attractive. Since consumers get drawn to beautifully packaged items, over packaging may help sell more products. Some manufacturers also employ this technique to hide the flaws of their products. It is true that manufacturers have a responsibility to avoid over packaging. But in my opinion, they are unlikely to stop this practice until consumers stop buying over packaged products.

Over packaging is not a benign practice. It does not help anyone except the manufacturer. Over packaging hurts the consumer and the environment. Wastefully packaged boxes take up a lot more space than necessary in shipping trucks. As a result, to carry the same amount of cargo, trucks have to make more trips. This results in the wastage of energy, materials and manpower

All the materials used for packaging will eventually end up in landfills. This creates a serious problem for the environment. Over packaging may lead to deforestation, global warming and air pollution.

Paper is still the most common material used for packaging. Each year tens of thousands of trees are being cut down to create packaging materials. Plastic is also used for packaging. The environmental impact of plastic is well-known. It is sad that companies still haven’t woken up to the dangers of over packaging and resort to such practices to sell their products.

To conclude, over packaging is not something that should be encouraged. While it might seem to be a amiable practice, it has negative impacts on the environment. Consumers have to stop buying over packaged products. Only then will manufacturers take notice and stop shipping their items in large almost empty packets.

Essay Writing – The only thing that interferes with my leaning is my education- Einstein. What does he mean by that? And do you think he is correct?

The only thing that interferes with my leaning is my education- Einstein. What does he mean by that? And do you think he is correct?

Education is the acquiring of knowledge, skills, habits, values and beliefs from our teachers and seniors. In our traditional or conventional education system the content of the education is limited to already established customs and practices. We only learn the knowledge, which has been discovered or invented earlier. The format of the education limits the learning of the students to only cramming and the exams are also a test of more or less the “retention power”. In this essay we shall be discussing both the arguments.

Firstly, when Einstein gave this statement he experienced that students learn through a formally designed education pattern restricting their thought process. In fact, formal education limits the doors of imagination and creativity. There is little chance for exploring things, because the best way to learn something is to experience it. Thus, students are not encouraged to think out of the box and search for solution themselves. They all are expected to provide the same answer which is in books. This example shows why Einstein believed that formal education hinders the process of learning.

However on the contrary, if we started allowing kids to say, they do not need school they would probably learn nothing, as most of the average student does not have the motivation or interest to master something on their own. Einstein was exceptional. As we cannot expect that all students would be as capable as Einstein, so it is really necessary to impart the basic education, knowledge & skills to children, like reading and writing in order to survive in this world. They usually need school to learn and understand the existing principles and practices and can improve upon it according to their interests and capabilities.

Lastly, the education systems have undergone a lot of changes, recently, in order to enhance the cognitive abilities of the students. For example in Stanford University, usually a mentor is assigned to few students, who would not interfere in the learning process of the students. This helps the students to develop creative skills and think out of the box. The mentors are only there to be their guide and help them if they are approached and they share their experiences with the students. This way the students would be completing their studies in their own way and style.

In the end we can conclude that the present education system has evolved from its traditional approach to be more student friendly which encourages them to bring out the best of the talents and abilities to the world.

Practice Answer Short Questions 2 PTE Academic -Speaking

Most helpful and repeated in the PTE-A Exams:
1. Paying at the counter after shopping – check out
2. First story of the basement/building – basement
3. Fed up – Negative feeling
4. Who do you call in case of leaking pipeline – plumber
5. Microscope is used to see – Micro-organism
6. Transfer quickly from computer to computer – virus, Downloading
7. Democratic government – people vote
8. What do you get when you buy something – receipt
9. Agriculture based country – farming economy
10. Stars or planet – astronomy
11. Dead remains of plants – fossils
12. Business and advertising PR means – public relation
13. What do you need to see thing which are far away – Binoculars
14. Magnify minimal objects – microscope
15. Who to visit if you have fear of crowd – psychologist
16. Means of travelling in developed countries – public transport
17. Washing clothes – laundry
18. Who is more playing football – men
19. Living things – Biology
20. Month between September and November – October
21. Thing most people use in their home – Bed
22. Main difference between a wrist watch and a clock – Size
23. Where we store meat – Freezer
24. Most important document while driving – Driving license
25. Where we can buy floor – Supermarket
26. For X-ray – radiology
27. Volume of water – liters
28. Hand joint with arm – wrist
29. wall clock and hand watch – their relative sizes
30. City – Urban area
31. When moon covers sun -solar eclipse
32. Orbits the sun – Planet
33. Football in-charge – referee
34. cardiologists – heart
35. event placed in time order – a timeline
36. sea water different from fresh water – Salt
37. University courses – orally or written assessment
38. washing clothes – in the bathroom
39. protect motor bike rider’s – Helmet
40. leap year – 366 days
41. fitness – more exercise
42. Europe is home to – United kingdom
43. arrival at hotel – reception or check-in
44. job title building designer – architecture
45. watches a sport event – spectator
46. climb to roof – ladder
47. don’t feel like eating – appetite
48. improve health n fitness – diet and more physical exercise
49. What is the name of ground military forces? – Army
50. What is someone that can’t see called? – Blind
51. What do you call the middle of something? – Center
52. Whose job is it to treat people that are ill or have an injury at a hospital? – Doctor
53. What is the process of teaching and learning called? – Education
54. What kind of book is written by a person about their own life? – Autobiography
55. What is the red liquid that flows through a body? – Blood
56. What is the payment of a student’s education by an organization called? – scholarship
57. What is piece of paper with official information written on it? – document
58. What is the name of a building where you can borrow books? – library
59. Who is a person that makes bread, cakes and pastries? – baker
60. What organ controls your speech, feelings, body movement and thoughts? – brain
61. What piece of equipment shows a person what direction they are traveling? – compass
62. What is a series of events that happen in your mind while you are sleeping? – dream
63. What is that person belongs to an organization called? – member
64. Who cuts men’s hair? – barber
65. What is it called when two or more people are speaking to each other? – conversation
66. What is a violent conflict between two or more countries? – war
67. What do you call the number of people living in a specific area? – population
68. What do you call a person that can’t hear? – deaf
69. What is the day that someone is born? – birthday
70. What plan shows how much money is available and how it will be spent? – budget
71. What is the name of a system of government in which the people elect their leaders? – democracy
72. What planet do we live on? – earth
73. What is the job of someone that looks after your teeth and gums? – dentist
74. What is the time period before noon is called? – ante meridian
75. What is the time after noon called? – post meridian
76. What organ do cardiologists specialize in? – Heart
From Mc Millen:
1. Which section of news paper gives the editor an opinion? – editorial
2. what instrument used to examine very small thing – microscope
3. What is the destructive program that spread from comp to comp – a virus
4. what term used for animals that gives birth to – mammals
5. System of government where people vote for people – democracy
6. piece of paper that you bought an item – a receipt
7. What you call the document that tells your qualification and work exp? – CV, curriculum vitae, resume
8. How would you describe economy largely based on farming? – agricultural, rural
9. What is the study of stars and planet called? – astronomy
10. In business and davit what is PR stand for? – public relations
11. What emergency service called at see? – coastguard
12. Name a month fall bet April and June? – May
13. what word describe moving a website from internet to your comp – downloading / download
14. What is called a picture doctor take to see inside body? – an X-ray
15. What crime has someone stealing from shop committed? – shoplifting
16. If someone feeling ill they will say ‘they are feeling under the ___’ what? – weather
17. [under the weather – Feel sick, poor health, tired or exhausted]
18. Who is person in-charge of a football match? – the referee
19. Last game in sporting competition that decide champ? – the final
20. What is the general term for painting at country side or natural view? – landscape
21. Found in office (a printer and other two options)? – a printer
22. There are two types of sporting contests: one is amateur; and other is ___? – professional
23. Where would you find the whale (tropical forest, ocean)? – ocean
24. Coat had a stain on it where would they take? – a dry cleaner’s
25. What are the things that ‘hens lay’ called? – eggs
26. The people who use ___ to obey the rules and protect the public from criminals are called? – the police
27. On what geographical location would someone be living if their country is surrounded by water on all side? – an island
28. What general part of the day is known as dawn? – a sunrise
29. [Part of the Day: “Dawn–Twilight–Sunrise, Morning, Daylight / midday-afternoon, Evening, Sunset–Twilight–Dusk, Night”]
30. What are the people that plant food, raise crop are commonly known as? – farmers
31. If a button has come off a shirt, what would someone most likely use to put it back on? – a needle and thread
32. What appliance do people use to keep their food cool and preventing from spoiling? – fridge
33. To crossover from one side of the wide river to another without using boat, what is usually required? – a bridge
34. What is a painting of a person’s head is called? – a portrait
35. Where do we find urban area in a city or country side? – in a city
36. What we call it, when moon completely blocks out the light from the sun? – a solar eclipse / an eclipse
37. What point of the compass is directly opposite east? – west
38. Where does u pay for your purchases at the super market? – (at the) till / checkout
39. What does u call an apartment that is beyond ground level (a basement apartment or a penthouse apartment)? – a basement apartment
40. What features do pianos and computers have in common? – a keyboard
41. If you are feeling ‘fed up’ it is positive or negative feeling? – a negative feeling
42. “I am fed up with being put down and made to feel stupid”]
43. What we call a period of ten years? – a decade
44. A specialist who repairs leaking water pipes is called a ___? plumber
45. A famous canal links the meditation sea with the Indian Ocean, is it the Curran or Suez Canal? – the Suez canal
46. Where would you keep the meat you wish to keep frozen at home? – in a freezer
47. What is the most imp doc you would have to show if you would to hire a car? – a driving license
48. Where would you go to work out on a trade mill? – a gym / gymnasium
49. What piece of equipment would you use to go diving in a sea, an aquaplane or an aqualung? – an aqualung [ aqualung – a portable breathing apparatus for divers ; aquaplane – a board for riding on water, pulled by a speedboat]
50. Where would you most likely go to buy some flowers (a bakery, a florist or a super market)? – a supermarket
51. which hospital dept you go for x-ray (radiology or cardio) – a radiology
52. Where would you go to see an exhibition of sculptures? – to an art gallery / to a museum
53. Would you measure volume of water in liters or kilos? – liters
54. What’s the joint called where your hand is connected to your arm? – the (or your) wrist
Offline Practice PTE-An Exam:
1. What organ do cardiologists specialize in? – (the) heart / hearts
2. If telescopes are used to locate distant objects, what instrument is employed to magnify minuscule objects? – (electron) microscope / microscopes
3. Which kind of punishment for a crime is the less severe, an imprisonment or community service? – community service
4. How many sides are there in a bilateral agreement? – two
5. Which is the longest: a decade, a millennium or a century? – a millennium
6. A manufacturing process releases noxious gases. What is the most important safety measure for workers at this plant – ensuring good ventilation, or appropriate footwear? – (ensuring good) ventilation
7. A list of events placed in time order is usually described as what? – a chronology / a timeline
8. If a figure is hexagonal, how many sides does it have? – six
9. What key mineral makes sea water different from fresh water? – salt
10. In the animal kingdom, is the purpose of camouflage to attract a mate, to find food or to hide? – (it’s) (the purpose is) (to) hide

All The Best

Keep Practising

Practice – Answer Short Questions-1

Latest Short Answer Question which appeared in recent PTE Tests.

1) A long depression in the surface of the land that usually contains a river is called?
2) What is 3/4th of percentage called as?
Ans- 75%
3) Circumference, radius, diameter form which geometrical shape?
Ans- Circle.
4) What does an optic person deal with?
Ans- Spectacles
5) If u have pain in teeth whom do you consult?
Ans- Dentist
6)Name the device of computer having name same to that of an animal.
Ans- Mouse
7)How many years are in a decade?
Ans-10 Years
8)Whenever a person goes to an interview, would he be in an enthusiastic mood or sad mood?
Ans- Enthusiastic mood
7)What special document do most people carry during international travels?
Ans- Passport
8)What would you call one half of the percentage?
9) What do we call the alphabetical list, at the end of the book, that tells you where to find specific information ?
10) At what ceremony, the students receive their degree or diploma at end of their study ?
Ans-Graduation day/Convocation
11) what is the chemical formula of water ? Or what is the name of H2o?
Ans-H2o or Water
12) Which Animal is not a mammal? Butterfly, cow or Goat?
13)How many years you study for an Undergraduate program?
Ans- 3 years
14)If you forget the way what will you buy to find your destination?
Ans-A map
15)If something is POST ,then what does Post mean?
Ans- “Post” means after and “Pre” means before.
16) In hospitals and other shops who gives medicine?
17) If you face any heart related issue whom you will contact?
Ans- Cardiologist
18) – what do people wear, if they cant see very well?
Ans- spectacles
19) In which branch of science, periodic table comes?
Ans- Chemistry
20) when something comes at hault , what does this mean ?
21) After secondary education, students can study in colleges as well as….?
22) If a button has come out of shirt, what would someone most likely use to put it back on ?
Ans-Needle and thread
23) what general part of the day is known as dawn?
Ans-morning time
24) what does king or queen wear on their head at official ceremonies ?
25) what are winter , spring ,summer and autumn?
26) what is the sweet food produced by bees ?
27) what do we call organs in our chest that we use to breathe ?
28) In English calendar, if March comes before april, then which month will come after April?
Ans- May

IMAGE Based Questions:-

1) Two girls are doing something on laptop. What are they doing?
Ans- Browsing Internet
2) Male and female table and their designations are given. What is the name of female employee in the table?
Ans- Elizibath (Female)
3) A windmill is given in the picture. Name this device which is used to generate electricity?
4) A telephone is circulated (Inside Circle). What is the item which is circulated?
Ans- The Telephone
5) A table with 4 to 5 rows and columns with different course names? How many courses the student took?
6) A table is given with different years and months. What is the Preceding year of April?
Ans- Preceding means previous year
7) An image showing a big indoor stadium. What is this building?
Ans- An indoor stadium
8) Look at the table and find sales of which product were increasing every month. 5-6 products were given and only sales of one product was increasing every month.
9) An image of sunrise is given. What is this image showing? Dawn or Dusk?
Ans- Dawn
10) Data is table is given showing bus timing, Stations and departure and arrivals. What was the departure time of bus from a particular station.
11) An image was given and girl was sitting and paper was in the air. What is happening to the paper? Ans- Scattering/ Its getting scattered.
12) An image was given in which 2-3 people had glasses(funnel shaped) in their hand.What are these people doing?
Ans- Experiment.
13) A paint in going on in background and a man is wearing gloves. Why is man wearing gloves?
Ans-He is doing painting
14) A person was wearing goggles blue in colour. What is this person wearing?
Ans- Goggles
15) People are doing something in space on moon. Where are these people?
Ans- On the Moon.
16) A butterfly is shown in an image.How does the butterfly fly?
Ans- With wings.
17) Butterfly in the picture and asks what does it do with wings? Grasp? Flutter? and other two?
Ans- Flutter

All The Best

Happy Practising

Build up your Vocabulary & Collocations

Dear Readers


In this series I would be introducing 10 most powerful and widely used words along with their collocations.

  1. Alacrity  [uhlak-ri-tee] – An eager willingness to do something. Showing promptness. Collocation –  She ​accepted the ​money with alacrity.
    Question of private tuition fees they are moving with remarkable alacrity.
  2. Prosaic [proh-zey-ik] – commonplace or dull; matter-of-fact or unimaginative:a prosaic mind. of or having the character or form of prosethe ordinary form of spoken or written language, rather than of poetry
    The reality, however, is probably more prosaic.

    He ​asked if I’d got my ​black ​eye in a ​fight. I told him the prosaic ​truth that I’d ​banged my ​head on a ​door.

  3. Veracity [vuhras-i-tee]Veracity sounds a lot like voracity. Whereas many know voracity means full of hunger, whether for food or knowledge (the adjective form voracious is more common), few know veracity. Unfortunately, many confuse the two on the test.

    Veracity means truthful. (habitual observance of truth in speech or statement) Veracious, the adjective form of veracity, sounds a lot like voracious. So be careful.

    He was not noted for his veracity.  

    To question the veracity of his account.

  4. Paucity [paw-si-tee] : smallness of quantity; scarcity; scantiness: a country with a paucity of resources. smallness or insufficiency of number; fewness. 
    as long as the female, and this would explain the relative paucity of males.
    It is the paucity of its retail base which is stunting growth.
  5. Maintain : The second definition of this word is to affirm; assert; declareOne can maintain their innocence. A scientist can maintain that a recent finding supports her theory.
  6. Contrite : [kuh n-trahyt, kon-trahyt]   caused by or showing sincere remorse. filled with a sense of guilt and the desire for atonement; penitent: a contrite sinner.
  7. Laconic : [luhkon-ik] – › using very few words to ​express what you ​mean: concise: a laconic reply. While Martha always swooned over the hunky, laconic types in romantic comedies, her boyfriends inevitably were very talkative—and not very hunky
  8. Pugnacious : [puhg-ney-shuh s] Much like a pug dog, which aggressively yaps at anything near it, a person who is pugnacious likes to aggressively argue about everything. Verbally combative is another good way to describe pugnaciousinclined to quarrel or fight readily; quarrelsome; belligerent; combative. He served as a pugnacious and dedicated leader of the opposition.


  9. Disparate :  [dis-per-it, dih-spar-] –different in every way: The two ​cultures were so ​utterly disparate that she ​found it hard to ​adapt from one to the other.

    distinct in kind; essentially different; dissimilar: disparate ideas.

  10. Egregious : [ih-gree-juh s, -jee-uh s]extremely ​bad in a way that is very ​noticeable: It was an egregious ​error for a ​statesman to show such ​ignorance.‘Greg’ is the Latin root for flock. At one point, egregious meant standing out of the flock in a positive way. This definition went out of vogue sometime in the 16th century, after which time egregious was used ironically.
    Thus for the last five hundred years, ‘egregious’ meant standing out in a bad way. In sports, an egregious foul would be called on a player who slugged another player (not including hockey, of course).
    The dictator’s abuse of human rights was so egregious that many world leaders asked that he be tried in an international court for genocide.

All the best.

Happy Learning.

Speed Reading

Dear All,


In this post we shall be discussing about how to increase your reading speed to four folds. If you are reading at a speed of 50 words/minute you can easily increase it to 200-300 words/minute. Expert readers can read at a speed of 800-1000 words/ minute.

Factors hindering our reading speed

  1. Vocalization : is the mouthing of the words while reading.
  2. Sub-Vocalization : It is similar to vocalization. There is no lip movement and sounding of words, but one keeps on saying the words deep within himself.
  3. Head Movements : One of the most common habit is moving the head along the lines as one read the lines. Head movements tends to reduce the speed of the eye movements.
  4. Word to word reading : The habit of looking and reading each word separately also slows the reading speed.
  5. Regressions : Regression is the backward movement of the eyes along the line of the reading. This means a students is re-reading a word or a phrase or a line.
  6. Poor Concentration : This involves reading while our mind is pre-occupied or distracted by something else. We are reading but on the back of our mind some other thoughts are going on.
  7. Inefficient Distance : This involves reading the text at an inappropriate distance which causes hindrance in reading.
  8. Fixations : It is, how much time we give or for how much time your eyes fix on each word. To illustrate this : consider the following sentence Our biggest expansion opportunity will come from volume licencing in Japan

    A slow reader may move their eyes across the following sentence as follows. Each fixation is represented symbolically by a left and right parenthesis pair.

    (our) (big)(gest) (ex)(pan)(sion) (op)(port)(tunity) (will) (come) (from) (vol)(ume) (lic)(en)(cing) (in) (Jap)(an).

    This reading example describes 20 eye movements and 20 eye fixations i.e. 40 different eye operations.

    A fast reader may read the sentence as shown below:

    (our biggest expansion) (opportunity will come) (from volume licensing) (in Japan). Reading this text takes a proficient reader four eye movements, four eye fixations, and eight eye operations. This is five times less work than a slow reader, requiring much less effort, with better speed and higher comprehension resulting.

Speed reading is to eliminate some previous habits while reading and to strengthen the capacities of the assimilation of information by the human brain.

The question is how ?

We have been reading from our childhood, the way we were taught in the school. Our teachers have trained us to speak loudly when we read so that we become familiar with those words.

There isn’t anything wrong to this method of learning.  In fact it’s very effective for first-time readers and it’s the way most kids are still taught today.  Once you learn all of the sounds, you can apply that knowledge to pronounce any word.

The problem is, this technique, which has become a habit, limits how fast you can read.  We call this habit sub-vocalization and when you do it, you engage not only your eyes and your brain, but also your mouth and your ears.

Here’s what happens when you sub-vocalize:

  • Your eyes are busy seeing the words
  • Your mouth is busy saying the words your eyes see.  You’re either moving your lips or saying the words in your mind.  Those are the voices inside your head.
  • When you say something your ears naturally want in on the action so they tune in to hear what you are saying.
  • While your eyes, mouth and ears are doing all that work, your brain is busy trying to make sense of all of the input it’s receiving.  Your brain helps you understand what you read.

As you can see, that’s a lot of work!  And it’s also very inefficient.

How do you break the sub-vocalization habit?

One simple way is to preoccupy your mouth.  When you give your mouth something else to do while you read, you can disengage the speech mechanism in the brain, allowing what your read to go straight to your conscious awareness rather than being slowed down by your brain needing to figure out how to say the words first.

Ever hear the saying, you can’t talk and chew gum?  Next time you read, stick a piece of gum in your mouth.  Chewing gum occupies your vocal cords and helps keep your brain from pronouncing the words you read.  Humming can do the same thing.

The second problem that we have to eliminate while reading is :

Regression (backtracking)

Regression is the unnecessary re-reading of material. It is possible get into the habit of skipping back to words you have just read or of jumping back a few sentences, just to make sure that you read something right. When you regress like this, you lose the flow and structure of the text, and your overall understanding of the subject can decrease. Be very conscious of regression, and don’t allow yourself to re-read material unless you absolutely have to.

To reduce the number of times your eyes skip back, run a pointer (a finger, a pen, or the cursor) along the line as you read. Your eyes will follow the tip of your pointer, helping you avoid skipping back. The speed at which you read using this method will largely depend on the speed at which you move the pointer.

Thirdly head movement should synchronize with eye tracking

There are two types of eye movements:

  1. Pursuits—following moving objects.
  2. Saccades—looking from one object to another. This is the type of eye movement that is used in reading.

Normal eye movements of skilled readers consist of a series of fixations and saccadic eye movements.

Proper eye tracking when reading can both improve fluency and cut down on careless mistakes.

In the next factor, we discuss how to remove the word to word reading habit : The best way to do is to concentrate or fixate on block of letters or words and read them.

Poor Concentration can be improved by avoiding T.V, music in the background and stay away from loud & noisy environment.

Lastly for Inefficient Distance maintain about 2 feet distance from the study material.

Is It Possible to Read 20,000+ Words Per Minute?

All the Best

Happy Practising

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