Research indicates that characteristics we are born with have more influence on our personality and development than any experience we may have in our life. Which do you consider to be the major influence?

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Study points out that the people born with certain inherent traits have an astounding effect on their personality and growth, in comparison with experience and knowledge they gain during their lifetime. In my opinion, the qualities which a person inherits at the time of birth do affect the building of a personality, but gaining experience and knowledge has a profound influence in shaping the personality.

Personality is a set of characteristics that reflect the way we think and act in a given situation. It is formed by four basic elements that are physical environment, heredity, culture and particular experiences. An individual develops his personality with a combination of these four aspects. When an individual is encountered with different situations he responds to them uniquely. These responses develop into habits and thus form a personality type. For example when Mahatma Gandhi was humiliated and thrown out of the train for riding first class, he responded strongly in a non violent way, and started a freedom struggle. That was a turning point in his life that shaped his personality and destiny.

With the new experience, a person develops new habits, develops etiquette and forms new attitudes. These are the stepping stones to form a personality. It has been noted that, whatever a child imbibes during the first seven years, forms the foundation of his personality. The new observations and experiences make a lasting impression on his mind. For instance Thomas Edison was expelled from the school during his childhood, but his mother didn’t make him realize about the fact. She encouraged and taught Edison at home, who turned out to become one of the world’s greatest scientist.

To recapitulate, it can be said that genetic traits do affect the personality of a person to some extent, but the environment in which he is brought up and the experiences that a person go through, deeply impact the personality.

Contributed By Yogesh Parmar

yogeshparmar74@gmail.com

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Essay – Some people believe that university students should be required to attend classes. Others believe that going to classes should be optional for students. Which point of view do you agree with? Use specific reasons and details to explain your answer.

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Optional attendance to classes at universities has been an increasingly popular way for students to study for several years in quite a few countries. However, it has not yet had its intended results as it had been hoped. In fact, today, this system seems to be one of the reasons for the corruption of university education. In my opinion, compulsory attendance is better than having no requirement to attend all the lessons on-campus.

There are two points of view to this question. First, one side will say that university students are adults and should be able to manage their time as they see fit. This point of view says that sometimes, in today’s busy world, people need flexibility to manage their lives. For example, many single parents who are trying to earn their college degrees will sometimes need to skip a class because of the demands of their other responsibilities. However, I believe that the great majority of college students are young and single, and have few responsibilities, and that they need the discipline and structure of a system that requires attendance. Young people who have just gone off to college are notorious for the excesses to which they enjoy their freedom.

There are many negative situations caused by the free-attendance system. The most harmful one is the economic waste for both universities and students. Many students who do not attend classes regularly are likely to suffer decreased performance on their exams and therefore waste their time in college. They, generally, do not feel panic because of the failures or restudying the same subjects for the second time. However, this sometimes costs a fortune to both parents and the government that have created tax funded subsidies for education for each student every year. Not only are the university fees wasted, but also the money for accommodations and other spending are also wasted.

On the other hand, students who are required to attend classes regularly have no time to waste in pubs or clubs. Nor can they spend these young years, which are more valuable to them to learn and think than any other period in their lives, on gambling or drinking. I do not mean they are only to study without any break or entertainment. Their social life is as necessary as studying during the hard academic years, yet, the amount of each should be balanced well. More spare time than necessary encourages the young to ignore studying and classes. Thus, neither the universities nor the students do their best if the students have too much freedom not to study.

To sum up, many teenagers are not able to think sensibly to decide when to study and when to enjoy with friends. A scheduled chart of classes which have a huge number of options that are necessary to identify the best fitting one for each student, will help them to construct an ideal campus life including leisure activities. In addition, this will stop the waste of time and money and is likely to reevaluate the higher education system in several years. In short, I believe that the majority of college students are too young to manage their time responsibly and that universities should therefore impose strict rules on attendance.

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Essay – In some countries, an increasing number of people are suffering from health problems as a result of eating too much fast food. It is therefore necessary for governments to impose a higher tax on this kind of food. To what extend do you agree or disagree with this opinion.     

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Essay-1

Nowadays, there is a high proportion of people consuming fast food around the globe. This has caused some severe health problems to these people. Everyone loves fast food because it is delicious. In addition, people can save the time to prepare food to their children especially the parents who are workaholic. They ignore the bad effects of the fast food such as obesity. Therefore, I agree that governments shall impose tax on fast food to some extent.

First of all, I think a higher tax shall be imposed on fast food because the health of the citizens is important to the development of the country. For instance, if a person has his daily meals with the consumption of fast food, he is likely to face the problem of obesity after a period of time. Besides, high blood pressure and high cholesterol will be followed. With the health problems suffered, he is likely to be the worker with the lowest productivity. This will affect the economy of the country as a result.

Secondly, the reason why a higher tax shall be imposed on the fast food is because it can remove the choice of people when making a choice as to what type of food to consume. It is undeniably that people choose to eat fast food as it is cheaper and it can be prepared within minutes. With a higher tax imposed, people will not choose fast food as the cost of consuming fast food will become a burden to their expenditures. Consequently, people will prefer home-cooked food which is much healthier and cheaper.

Many people make the assumption that imposing a higher tax on fast food will not reduce the number of people who suffer health problems. They argue that the advertisements of fast food telecast-ed on multimedia such as television could be a reason for people to consume fast food. As fast food advertisements often relayed during dinner time, children are attracted to the images of the fried chicken. The result of this is children will ask their parents to bring them to fast food restaurants and enjoy the meals at there. This explains why children face health issues at a younger age. Therefore, I suggest governments can limit the time of fast food advertisements broadcast-ed on television. The advertisements should be beamed during the midnight instead of the dinner time.

In conclusion, I agree that with the higher taxes imposed on fast food, the number of people consuming fast food will decrease significantly and thereby the health problems faced by the people will decrease as a result. However, to solve the problem effectively, government should take action by changing the time of advertisement broadcast-ed on television. It is undoubted that fast food advertisements portray the fast food during dinner time can affect people in making decision as to what to eat especially when they are hungry.

Essay – 2

Nowadays, it is doubtless that food-related illnesses are increasing in our modern society. Furthermore, the issue regarding the impact that eating junk food could have on our health is widely debated. As far as governments’ decisions about taxing fast-food consumers in concerned, I believe that they should find another strategy in order to promote a healthier way of eating.

Firstly, governments should not impose extra taxes on eating habits. Every human being is basically free to act as he or she likes, our behavior should be dictated by some moral and ethical principles, rather than by the fear of a fee. For instance, every patient can refuse a therapy, even if he is in a life-threatening condition, if he thinks that it is better for himself. In the same way, everyone should be left free to eat whatever they want, even if it causes some sort of disease. Governments should, therefore, improve awareness campaigns to prevent food-related diseases, in order to sensitize the citizens towards the harmful behaviors, rather than simply add a tax to the food people buy.

Furthermore, another alternative to the imposition of new taxes, could be an improvement of citizens’ knowledge about nutrition. By giving people the right information about a proper dietary intake, governments could benefit from minor costs in terms of healthcare. For example, in my opinion, nutrition and health courses should be implemented and organized in every school, from the lowest grade of education, up to the highest ones. Thus, in the future, we would witness an increasing self-consciousness about diet-related diseases, such as diabetes and cardiovascular accidents.—– In conclusion, I strongly disagree with the given opinion, because I believe that governments should pursue other strategies in order to face these problems. Only by increasing the knowledge about the risks of harmful eating behavior, and from a widespread information about the rules of a healthy lifestyle, it is possible to fight against these medical conditions. In this specific case, prevention is the key.

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Task 1 – IELTS General Reading – Letter No.2

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You are going on a short course to a training college abroad. It is a college that you have not been to before. Write a letter to the accommodation officer. In your letter

  • give details of your course and your arrival/departure date
  • explain your accommodation needs
  • ask for information about getting to and from the college

Write at least 150 words.

You do NOT need to write any addresses. Begin your letter as follows:

 

Dear Sir/Madam,

I am writing to inform you that I will be attending the Advanced Life Insurance course, being held from Tuesday 24th April until 27rd April, at the University of Hartford.

I will be arriving on the afternoon of Monday 23th and will be leaving on the morning of Saturday the 28th of April, so I will require a single room for this time. I would prefer my own bathroom, if this is possible, but do not mind sharing if I have to; however, as I am wheelchair bound, the room will have to be disability friendly. Could you please tell me how much this will cost and how I should make a payment? Do you accept VISA?

As I do not know the area, I would also be grateful if you could provide some information about getting to and from the University. Will I need to take public transport from the station or is there a University bus service? Any information on what to see and do in the area would also be greatly appreciated.

Thank you for your assistance.

Alex Jones

(184 words)

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Task 1 – IELTS General Reading – Letter No.1

You are a student at an English language school in Brighton and are living in private accommodation with other flat mates. You have not had hot water or heating for some time. The landlord’s workmen have tried to fix the problem but without success.

 Write a letter to the landlord. In your letter:

  • state your reason for writing
  • describe the problems and explain how you feel
  • propose a solution and risk the landlord to take action

Write at least 150 words.

You do NOT need to write any addresses.

Dear Mr. Jones,

I am one of the tenants at your property in Upper Lewes Road, and am writing to complain about the fact that we do not have any hot water or heating in our house.

As you know, we have been living in this house since September and have always paid our rent on time. However, we have had no hot water for last two weeks. This is making our lives very difficult, especially as it is now the middle of winter. Last week you said you would send a workman to our house within 3 days, but no one came. After calling many times, the workman eventually arrived at the house 5 days later. Unfortunately, he said he could not fix the problem because the boiler was too old! We are now extremely unhappy about this solution.

We are prepared to continue to rent your house but please arrange for emergency repairs to be made. We also request a 40% discount on our rent for the period we have been without any hot water or heating.

We look forward to hearing from you.

Sharron Boyes

(188 words)

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Essay – How widely do you think the problem spreads that people spend too much time on work than their personal life and experience time shortage? What problems will it cause?

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The issue that people are putting long hours of work and spending less time towards their personal life is widespread, because of cut throat competition, rising economic inequality and travelling far for work. Because of this phenomenon, it leads to decreased productivity, sour relationships and rise in health problems.

In today’s rat race, majority of the people feel financial insecure, which leads them to work overtime to prove their work to their employers. Secondly, sometimes it is very important for the people to do more than one job to keep both ends meet. Ferocious competition and meeting deadlines has further compelled the workers to spend more time at the workplace. For instance, people working for BPO’s and KPO’s often put in extra hours of work to earn additional income.

Spending longer hours in workplace often leads to health problems like, stress, depression, heart problems, obesity and back pain. In India certain types of jobs like in police and other armed forces, people have to spend long hours of duty and away from home for a long time. This often sets in lots of stress and depression among the soldiers which has even led to committing suicide. Secondly, spending less time with the family often sours the relationships and can lead to divorce. Moreover, children can often indulge in bad habits in the absence of crucial parental guidance. Lastly, putting in more time at work can reduce the productivity of the workers. It is said “All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy”

Finally, it can be concluded that giving time for personal life is also very important, because it rejuvenates and prepare people to cope up with all adversities at the workplace.

Contributed by Yogesh Parmar (yogeshparmar74@gmail.com)

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Essay – Marketing strategy for some companies is, offers and discounts, for some it is reputation. Should consumer goods companies concentrate special discounts and offers to promote their products or they should focus on reputation? What do YOU think is more important?


Marketing strategy plays a crucial role in the growth of a firm. Many companies face this moot question that whether to focus on offers and discounts or to build stronger reputation. I would advocate to invest in special discounts and offers on regular intervals. This will aid in grabbing attention of more consumers and foster company’s turnover periodically. 

To begin with, companies have to spend on advertising to promote special offer campaigns. For example, when Nestle promotes its Maggie noodles at special discounted price, it attracts more buyers than its standard price advert. This proves that Nestle will not only promote their product but also build a reputation in the market. 

Moreover, short term discounts can boost up revenues of a company. Take for instance; Startups usually hit the market hard with weekly or monthly offers. This strategy usually generates decent revenues for that period. This example evidently shows that special offers can effectively contribute to the growth of a company. From this, it can be said that the former strategy can kill two birds in one shot.

In a nutshell, investing in discount and offers will reap more benefits as it also contributes to publicity for companies. Thus, it’s in the best interest of companies to promote their products in this manner. Therefore, I strongly believe adoption of this strategy can lead to expeditious progress. 

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